The first primary skill involves diagnosis. The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model is built on the concept using “follower maturity” as the key issue which affects adjustment in leadership styles. The term power, authority, domination and control are often used interchangeably as there is a thin line separating their meanings (Pheby, 2004). Consistency, predictability and emotional stability are desired qualities in leaders. This leadership style may also be referred to as … First, he cleverly gained the engineers’ confidence by showing great concern for their welfare. In solving the low productivity issue of the Technical Services division, Terrill also played the role of a negotiator. One of the most significant disadvantages of situational leadership is the fact that people respond in different ways to various leadership styles. (2006) entails that power need not have goal compatibility but only dependence. Instead of being locked into one general leadership style, all of them are incorporated into their approach. When workers are satisfied, they stay more productive. The individual usually possesses a charm, appeal, charisma or admirable qualities which others want to identify with. The great man theory is one of the earliest ways to look at leadership. However, in the real world, there is no single leadership style that can be applied in all situations. Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from particular behaviors. Terrill was hired by DGI International to turn around a non-performing division. In this example, Terrill obviously used the division’s expert power to negotiate with top management to stay out of their way so that they can carry out their engineering work as expected, and hopefully increase productivity as expected of them. To illustrate the point that gender differences in leadership styles do exist (Kanter, 1991), we will take a closer look at Transformational (largely associated with women leaders) and Transactional (dominant in male leaders). In contrast, men display more traditional leadership characteristics such as assertive, controlling, aggressive and dominating. According to situational leadership models in general, leaders should adopt different leadership approaches depending on the situations that they encounter. Hence, women naturally develop leadership styles that are more democratic and participative. The situational leader has a clear vision of where the team is going. Situational leaders must always be on their toes if they are going to be successful. In this section we’ll examine the early development of the theory in late-60s to 70s, before looking at how the leadership model has evolved from the early inception. The above findings are further supported by a study by Eagly, Karau and Johnson (1992) on leadership styles among school principals supported this notion. style you exhibit, and making you aware of its strengths and weaknesses. and weaknesses for this theory. A shift from a delegation style to a telling style might feel like the leader has a growing distrust of the worker. The following table highlights the differences in the two types of leadership: [3]. This allows the leader to motivate individual employees in a way that matches their needs, giving everyone a better chance to reach a positive outcome. All these ten roles can be applied to any managerial situation depending on the requirement of the circumstances. [1] Follower maturity, which defines the readiness of followers to perform in a given situation, is based on two major factors – the ability and confidence in performing the tasks. Being appointed as the head of Technical Services Division clearly indicated that John Terrill held legitimate power over the department. Theories; Timeline; Topics Psychology portal; Situational strength is defined as cues provided by environmental forces regarding the desirability of potential behaviors. From this profile alone, Terrill knew that his division held a lot of expertise required in the manufacturing of refinery equipment. Strengths and Weaknesses; Implications for Workplace; Connection to Other Chapters; Discussion Questions; Strengths. Leadership Theories There are quite a few different leadership theories available for people to take information from and use in business settings and even personal settings. In general terms, situational leadership is a model that allows leaders to adjust their style based on their “followers,” or direct reports. Terrill understood that his team of engineers is crucial to the organisation’s growth since they are the best educated and highly paid employees in the company. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Here is a look at some of the common strengths that have been discovered. His ability to influence the engineers to voice out their grievances which affected their performance showed that he was successful in getting to the root of the department’s productivity problem. In conclusion, there are differences in leadership styles by gender. Representing organisation to outsiders in public relations capacity. On the other hand, transactional leadership style is more visible in traditional organizational settings where male leaders are dominant (Rosener, 1990). Leaders are a key human resource in any organisation. For example, the engineers are given high autonomy in completing their tasks with minimal supervision by Terrill. Looking at the two-by-two matrix, the Delegating Leadership Style is described as Low Task, Low Relationship, whereby intervention from managers is kept to a minimum with the assumption that the subordinates are able, willing and confident of accomplishing the tasks at hand. Lastly, the appro… … Hence, leaders are most successful and effective when they can evaluate a situation accurately and act according to the requirements of the situation instead of generally applying the same form of leadership across all circumstances (Fiedler, 1951). * Leadership is responsive with high orientation to solve present issues. However, in male dominated roles, men will appear to be more task oriented (Eagley and Jonhson, 1990). Situational leadership as a model may not feel intuitive to task-oriented or heavily regimented managers. In contrast, due to the masculine nature of men as perceived by societies, male leaderships tend to be more assertive, aggressive, controlling and confident (Eagley et al., 2000). Trait Theory Weaknesses. Measurement of job readiness is subjective and based on several factors, mainly job ability and job confidence (Hambleton et al., 1977(. Coaching Leadership. By understanding these managerial roles, managers will be able to discharge their duties more efficiently and effectively. It is the universal bank which provides services such as investment banking, credit card facility and wealth management etc. One primary example of this is the difference between men, women, and transgender workers. For most workers, that creates a situation which allows them to be comfortable with their job duties. In the essay below, situational leadership will be identified, along with the strengths and weaknesses of the situational model. This allows team members to find common ground with each other, which reduces the risks of internal conflict developing. However, with the rise of movements towards equality in gender in the modern world, more societies have begun to change their mindsets and accept the fact that women also have roles to play in the development of the society and economy (Inglehart and Noris, 2003). This style of leadership empowers followers to be responsible for their own actions and decisions. In this case, Terrill did not use any reward or coercive power because he did not impose any reward or punishment in getting to the root of the problem and then making sure that his engineers would carry out their tasks after that. The conceptual weaknesses I found are similar to those in most earlier leadership theories, and they include ambiguous constructs, insufficient description of explanatory processes, a narrow focus on dyadic processes, omission of some relevant behaviors, insufficient specification of limiting conditions (situational variables), and a bias toward heroic conceptions of leadership. There are certain positive attributes to the study of traits and the theories that researchers have concerning them. We generally think of companies competing by means of their products, but they probably compete more by means of their leaders than their products. To be successful, the situational must have high emotional intelligence, be empathetic, and continue to keep an eye on long-term strategies while meeting short-term needs. This indication further supports the notion that the team of engineers is able, willing and confident to accomplish their tasks without much direction or supervision from Terrill. Instead, it all depends on the situation at hand and which type of leadership and strategies are best-suited to the task. Instead of lumping all employees into one generic category, the situational leader looks at individual situations. That causes the leadership traits to change, and the responses offered by the situational leader may be inappropriate for the situation. Situational leaders work to create a style that is based on the readiness level of their team or their needs. Transmit information to other via phone calls, memos, notes, etc. The organization is expanded in the market with the help of leadership and managers strategies. It is a leadership style … According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the situation and look at cues such as the type of task, the nature of the group, and other factors that might contribute to getting th… We all have different experiences and perspectives that create diversity. The strength of the contingency theory of leadership is its ability to predict leadership effectiveness as individual and organizational variables are introduced. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The Pros: Strengths and Benefits of Transformational Leadership. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The organization is using decentralized … The engineers were also confident that Terrill will be able to prove a point to top management by keeping the daily reports in his office, and they seemed to have supported his actions. Currently, some countries are headed by female premiers and presidents, for example Australia and New Zealand. He explained to them the management’s concern for the low productivity of the division despite being the highest paid and best educated group within the organisations. These leaders can approach direct reports at any level of maturity to provide them with the counsel they may require. The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model is built on the concept using "follower maturity" as the key issue which affects adjustment in leadership styles. On the other hand, expert power and referent power can be grouped as personal power because they involve internal or personal traits which belong to individuals. The engineers did not need much prompting and directions from him to take on new initiatives which help contribute to their productivity. The situational theory of leadership suggests that no single leadership style is best. If he successfully gets top management to agree with his plight, he will undoubtedly build his referent power and be admired for his charm and charisma in carrying out his task as their leader. A leader is able to delegate the tasks to his followers but accountability of the job still lies with the leader. Then he exerted his legitimate power by demanding to know the reasons for their lack of productivity and factors which hamper their expected performance. He was well aware that his orders were against top management’s instructions, but he was not afraid to use the legitimate power vested in his position to stand by his decision to keep the management off the engineers’ backs as promised. * Leaders develop emotional bonds with their followers using their management and rhetorical skills and great visions. In 1969, Blanchard and Hersey developed Situational Leadership® Theory in their classic book Management of Organizational Behavior. Taking two different test subjects and stating what their reactions will be to similar situations is not possible. Its approach hinges on addressing the individual needs, skill sets, strengths and weaknesses of employees to help them meet business goals. Process and assess information. Followers may be able, willing and confident to perform the tasks but they may also take advantage of the low intervention from their managers so that the tasks may not be completed on time or productivity is not up to par as expected. In conclusion, managers are involved in a myriad of activities when performing the managerial functions. In an organizational context, power is directly related to hierarchy or structure and legitimacy which come with positions. Advantages of Situational Leadership. In addition, Fiedler's model paved the way for other theories that have no one best style of leadership at their core, such as Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership. Although the theory behind this form of leadership attempts to bring equality into the workplace, there is no substitute for real experience. Describe the three theories of situational leadership and what you consider to be the strengths and weaknesses of each theory when leading staff in the organizational environment. The organization is using decentralized … However, if a leader wrongly gauged the job readiness of his followers and leave it to them to accomplish certain tasks, he may not achieve the desired results at the end of the day. 6. The Contingency theory has strengths and disadvantages just like the Strain theory. The managers and the leaders are the greatest assets of the organization Barclays. His objective was to turn around the division and increase the engineer’s productivity. Because of this, many corporations believe it is an effective model to help ensure that … All these four leadership styles have varying levels in terms of follower ability and confidence. Maintain information and contacts. Male leaders, on the other hand, adopted stronger approaches which are consistent with natural dominating and controlling characteristics of men. This approach improves the effectiveness of a team by maximizing the output of each individual member of the team. 10. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Instead of staying focused on the overall objectives, situational managers can fall into a trap where they are evaluating or responding to an immediate circumstance all the time. Looking for a flexible role? It is the universal bank which provides services such as investment banking, credit card facility and wealth management etc. Gender is a socially constructed concept of men and women which varies according to cultures, societies, social classes and even periods in history (FAO, 1997). Barclays is listed on the London Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange. Leadership styles can also be affected by external factors such as the nature of work, business environment, organizational culture and industry structure. Division and increase the engineer ’ s formal role, position or authority support articles here > being with! 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