The use of surface and subsurface drainage improvements is not limited to agricultural lands. The benefits of completing subsurface utility engineering during the design or construction of a HDD project has proved time and time again to far outweigh the cost. Subsurface drainage is also an effective method of controlling salinity in soils and improving soil structure for better permeability, aeration, and root development. 1.2 SOURCES OF WATER 1.2.1 GENERAL. The primary advantage of subsurface drainage in humid regions is the water table can be lowered so soils classified as poorly drained can be improved to respond more like well drained soils, with the benefits of improved productivity and trafficability. Subsurface drainage is the removal of excess water from the root zone. CURRENT STATUS The majority of subsurface drainage applications continue to rely on granular (sand or gravel) natural soil materials. However, subsurface drainage expedites the transport of nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) from the soil zone to surface waters. Too much water in your garden will, no doubt, kill your plants. The benefits of agricultural subsurface drainage, also known as tile drainage, include: Reduced crop stress. Ideally, controlled drainage promotes moisture storage during periods when drainage is not necessary. Additionally, the use of these systems can help to reduce the need for fertilizer. Golf courses make extensive use of both surface and subsurface drains. If the surface drainage is below par, it will have a dangerous impact on the subsurface drainage. There’s a danger of toxic contamination whenever a flood occurs. The field-scale benefits of drainage can be summarized as follows: i. Drainage promotes beneficial soil bacteria activity and improves soil tilth. Tubewell drainage systems are, similar to subsurface drainage system, used to control the watertable, however, better use is made of the more permeable deeper soil layers (Figure 10 ). 4.1 Purpose and Benefits of Subsurface Drainage. The benefits of subsurface drainage include: 4 NDS principles of Exterior Drainage - Short Course 1. Aids in protecting the service life of the waterproofing membrane and after trades. Continued removal of excessive soil water during the recreation season permits extended, more intensive use, resulting in increased revenue. Surface water is removed from surface of road by providing camber or cross slope to the road surface. Disadvantages of drainage include differences regarding the type of system or the materials used. These savings of time, money and effort are evident in the projects listed below. Vlotman2 and G. Spoor3 21.1 Introduction ... Open drains have the advantage that they can receive overland flow directly, but the disadvantages often outweigh the advantages. Key Advantages Are Hard to Overlook. Signs of a recovery in the french-fry business July 8, 2015 Crops. Aeration of rootzone for maximum development of the plant roots. Advantages. �V�Dg�#>f��M3�F &���\f�U��u�n��4��tuG���@�ݠ08�i���EL�JK�n�1^J�7o�-���FN��9f��4@���E�]��%��k�2�����a�=�����Q��LuO���,4vAw>@wd��) S6>��\����!��'u�w1�N��� ����!��(��%���T';��U���@�N���@^��e^����"3��3'? Subsurface drainage systems reduce the chance of soil erosion in your garden by maintaining balanced moisture. of subsurface drainage applications, such as retaining structures (e.g., walls, abutments, bulkheads), steep soil and rock slopes, and a host of below-grade building structures (e.g., basements, underground shelters, storage tanks). The article from Don Hofstrand from the ISU extension office, about tile drainage discusses the economics of tile drainage on the farm. An effective way to lower the water table. Subsurface Drains and Their Design: When the depth of surface drains increases, the surface drainage scheme becomes uneconomical. 4 0 obj Brown concludes, “You can’t afford not to have good drainage. Subsurface drainage is a long-term investment. �!���҉��nx'��S5YLgz�/>�.��r��{6J���=�f:rR��E�����������-��m٘BwM�M�Tem����p �I�@��. Subsurface drainage. 2. Subsurface Irrigation is the ideal solution for growers looking for both the benefits of agricultural drainage and conventional irrigation. Are you ‘always wrong’ at camp sclerotinia? Water that over-accumulates in your yard may kill plants. The … Additionally, it will need to be maintained on a regular basis to ensure it functions correctly. Opportunity for desirable soil micro-organisms to develop through aeration and higher soil temperatures. %���� The field-scale benefits of drainage can be summarized as follows: i. Drainage promotes beneficial soil bacteria activity and improves soil tilth. 3. The two processes sometimes interfere. Subsurface Drainage of Paddy Fields. Drainage … Another cause of pond formation is insufficient subsurface drainage (natural or artificial), causing groundwater tables near or even above the surface. �.��g���X�8;�RKB�ɥu[V Thus drainage is the important factors governing the highway design and construction. ��]{����ֲi'o��崞\#���b���z��o�{��4Jq�ǻi7���˯0Nol���ñ}%"�� ��ctu�ЖmK��R�v��� `#bە�ޯ@��#z le&��z�����s��p#, Controlled drainage may be installed on subsurface drains as well as open ditches, allowing the water table to be adjusted at any level between the ground surface and the drainage depth to prevent excess drainage (figure 1). Subsurface drainage is used where the soil is permeable enough to allow economical spacing of the drains and productive enough to justify the investment. Let’s have a look at the pros and cons of subsurface drainage systems. The advantages and disadvantages of subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) as compared to alternative irrigation systems are conceptually discussed. (���9w�d���E��:���|=��� Your Reading List. endobj A subsurface drain will provide trouble-free service for many years as long as it is carefully planned, properly installed, and constructed of high-quality materials. The type and features of … endobj Advantage: Prevents Water Accumulation Drainage systems can prevent water accumulation that can lead to flooding by directing the water away from your home. <> The benefits of agricultural subsurface drainage, also known as tile drainage, include: Reduced crop stress. 3. “Overall, a farming system that includes subsurface drainage, crop rotation, and no-till, or other conservation tillage system, provides the best long-term economic and environmental benefits for the farmer,” said Randall Reeder, an Ohio State University Extension agricultural engineer. One of the main advantages of RSEB models is the integration of thermal infrared imagery acquired land surface temperature (LST), which can capture the signals of early vegetation stresses associated with water, nutrient, disease and other stressors. Highway Drainage includes collecting, transporting, and disposing of surface/subsurface water originating on or near the highway right of way or flowing in streams crossing bordering that right of way. ii. The ability to perform field activities (particularly planting) in a timely fashion due to soil trafficability. It can channel nitrate directly into large bodies of water close to you such as rivers and lakes. x��=�nI����H�R�UǠ�-�nl�k������i�Ԑ��گ߈�3��E����ͪ��̌�;#�篷����b_������~��]^�/7�:�|~X��s~s����6�W��7o/�7�/��߉�+����~q&� The native soil should be checked. Benefits of Subsurface Drainage: Provision of subsurface drainage in agricultural lands results in the following benefits: 1. If you find it challenging to get rid of the water that accumulates in your garden or around your home, then maybe you should consider investing in a subsurface drainage system. The pros and cons of tile drainage July 15, 2015 Crops. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to breed. It provides numerous opportunities for large scale and small growers alike. REQUEST A QUOTE. 11.1). Provides aeration to the building elements. System drainage will show some of the greatest benefits in areas of persistent excess moisture problems, transforming some of your least productive land into performance fields. Without underground (subsurface) drainage, the incredible bounty of some of our most productive agricultural land would be dramatically compromised. Thus drainage is the important factors governing the highway design and construction. In this case, the flow is not restricted by insufficient infiltration into the soil but by the limited discharge of groundwater. Problems may be encountered with tree roots. The advantage of having separate drainage systems is that stormwater run off is not so dangerous that it has to be treated. 3 0 obj Subsurface irrigation systems is growing in importance today. Reduced soil compaction. �Q����hq���/�(�ިV���1�]v^9}�[ML��P�|�I*�$I�D������Y��f� ~ CUfB��g��E�q�(;ven{[c���F�&5���W�.z�ъ5�#5�!��.��f�:�6�ho�b��[��C��F~^��_E�������3�a����� �N��ޡ�I�x_�z~��s Tj�¨�vOu�ٽÛ�d'vj��y <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> To protect crops, a subsurface drainage system must be able to remove excess water from the upper portion of the active root zone 24 to 48 hours after a heavy rain. Take a look at some of the reported benefits or advantages of subsurface irrigation systems: Corrugated plastic tubing, clay and concrete drain tile are installed beneath the surface of agricultural land to drain excess water from the crop root zone. Surface drainage: Under the surface drainage, water is to be collected in longitudinal drains and then disposed of at the nearest stream, valley or water course. UL:�;=�Q,�g�����3��0���]o� ��{�����,�|�"��~���T�����+ޘo1�#��QN��M;ɍ\�I�4�c�M�Ow��#;�gm#,(����Z"h���*��S�])N�2������1hV'j�����"�k;Y�R"�[����U��d��t��)|8�c ��X$۩NM��N����(��B mB���s��4��1Y,'CC|�h��u��zU)Z�4� nHA#���2��WDǮ�JrFӕ���w�v*��bZ=X?�x�E9(/�J�����m+D�����m���ނ��Ms+F� xxM���!p��\-Qgl9���i��ÒQ��ȑ��o�U`:���C���n�n��ktt�zɆq*��^���ð��@71$�����[�����љ�)�lH��5�i����Z���J$�ϲ���*ge.�Li��*� ���u�� �3 :k ���N�1 ��q&++�`:�q�=��~] Reduces moisture-related distress. Learning the advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your garden and the environment. It allows growers to better manage resources and reduces overall mechanical use. endobj Designing a subsurface drainage system Improved surface and subsurface drainage is necessary for some Minnesota soils to optimize the crop environment and reduce production risks. Aeration of rootzone for maximum development of the plant roots. Indiscriminate exclusion of this element will assuredly lead to the premature failure of pavement systems, thereby resulting in high life-cycle costs. Take a look at some of the reported benefits of subirrigation systems: Tile drainage can transform poorly drained fields, facilitating timely planting in wet springs, increasing rooting depth, and dramatically increasing crop yields. Subsurface drainage systems are a great way to get rid of water accumulation and while there are many benefits, there are some disadvantages too. Subsurface drainage, also known as tile drainage, is used to remove excess water from the soil through a network of perforated pipes or tiles installed at various depths below the ground surface (see Figure 1). Drains have been defined as devices both natural and artificial, which can be helpful in removing water from any particular area. SUBSURFACE DRAIN (ft.) CODE 945 (Source: MN Protecting Water Quality in Urban Areas) 945 - 1 DEFINITION A conduit, such as corrugated plastic tubing, tile, or pipe, installed beneath the ground surface to collect and/or convey drainage water. Stand loss prevention. Poorly drained lands are usually topographically situated so that when drained, they may be farmed with little or no erosion hazard. Subsurface drainage Subsurface Drainage of Paddy Fields. Controlled Subsurface Drainage Benefits Crops, Water Quality. Advantages of reliable and durable subsurface drainage. Read this article to learn about need, benefits, classification, design and construction of drainage of land. If the land will be sold in the future, the advantages listed above will be capitalized into the value of the land. Drainage systems can be separate for stormwater and sewers but sometimes both these inputs drain into the same underground drainage system. Subsurface drains often provide the only practical method of stabilizing excessively wet, sloping soils. Advantage: Prevents Water Accumulation . AGASSIZ DRAIN TILE. The advantage of a functional subsurface pavement drainage system will vary based on climate, subgrade soils, and the design of Chapter 6 - Geotechnical Section 6G-1 - Subsurface Drainage Systems 2. By design, the purpose of a French drain is to mitigate groundwater. The water table is the level at which the soil is entirely saturated with water. Better utilization of available nutrients due to more extensive crop roots. It provides numerous opportunities for large scale and small growers alike. <> ii. Subsurface Irrigation is the ideal solution for growers looking for both the benefits of agricultural drainage and conventional irrigation. Based on recent research from California, asphalt treated permeable base layers may strip and become clogged with fines thus weakening the overall pavement structure. The water which are dangerous for highways are: Rainwater: Cause erosion on surface or may seep downward … Let’s have a look at the pros and cons of subsurface drainage systems. s��Id��"��uW����}4j0�$��i��X��x�L��7�ֲ��-���r��:e�v�+YV\ �h@j�>�^g#:��?�Z.f)�'Ƌ�Q�sjj�G�g��ۀU 1 0 obj It is accomplished by deep open drains or buried pipe drains (FAO, 1985). Based on recent research from California, asphalt treated permeable base layers may strip and become clogged with fines thus weakening the overall pavement structure. A Subsurface Irrigation design gives you all the benefits of a properly engineered drainage system, while holding subsurface water in the active root zones to supplementing soil moisture content during critical growing periods. "Qx3&���ó������,��D&�m��Z0bR��q��U�k�9���O��A��ʹ� ���}v�E��%kq닍'o۲ꍽ���o2;0���� �kUD"��+JB����&�!ŏh�uu(�D�� 7V�ծ��~EW�5�'�t���g��t,㪰8��e��q�;�a��${��t|o�\������ ��C,;���ؑ�wT����AwM�n���3�7$���~�D�x��(�j�wg�=�-M�L��7���QZ'1�5����5c�&�ɿܶB2!��X��la��BE]nD� �/��{$�4��M���di� 3. Another major advantage of tile drainage is the increase in sale value of the land. Many residential homes use subsurface drainage systems, similar to those used in agriculture, to prevent water damage to foundations and basements. Surface drainage assists with the regulated […] Benefits of Subsurface Drainage: Provision of subsurface drainage in agricultural lands results in the following benefits: 1. In this case, the flow is not restricted by insufficient infiltration into the soil but by the limited discharge of groundwater. �[z�, 4_/��=�S\�� d8�3������D�*Ӽ�)�W�y53�o���*�j����-�1�f���Wg^쬱��֛�]֮����W0E�� R'8��]8`#�pLGP�i��d���d[�ȵ}�.Y��k,�f�"��9W�!�Z{^�2q$F��*��Ǩ��x��D� H�I�/Rk�tZ|o�S^���^4o��N+�Ba�3[�d���`8. Subsurface drainage consists of three basic elements (Figures 1, 2 and 3): A permeable base to provide for rapid removal of water which enters the pavement structure. Facilitates the evacuation of water. Surface drainage: Under the surface drainage, water is to be collected in longitudinal drains and then disposed of at the nearest stream, valley or water course. Abstract:Agricultural subsurface drainage changes the field hydrology and potentially the amount of water available to the crop by altering the flow path and the rate and timing of water removal. Without underground (subsurface) drainage, the incredible bounty of some of our most productive agricultural land would be dramatically compromised. Advantages/Benefits/Pros Of Subsurface Drainage Systems: Subsurface drainage systems are a great way to get rid of water accumulation and while there are many benefits, there are some disadvantages too. 2. Avoids pooling of water and saturation of tiling or topping screeds. Advantages of reliable and durable subsurface drainage. The excess water must be removed to a level below the ground surface where it will not interfere with plant root growth and development. Benefits. … Surface drainage installation is pretty straightforward and, since they are made of durable plastic material, surface drains … The adaptation of subsurface drainage systems to serve as sub-irrigation or controlled drainage systems leads to other benefits, i.e., the reduction of nitrate pollution. (�Y3�pK��t�e�W�;����7 R?B��(�t� �,�RT���yo��V����6v{��'i��w�~5�Yv��Ma'$Y�P{@�h�"��\QJS��������:�S�� �1���g�=��g���k��K��,�7�^knEi�"O�#=� %� ���(�]tU�} �a��B5���2'�-�{�y���=(�+�(�.�;��e�L�0��#^�y*��_ĩ�B�kh��������[hd�̰h�o�naq~DO�ê�]��@�~��,k�cf����Ϯ�����}����]ue��B+�1?hM����D]W\.����+�c��juv�߽+���v���4:z��-�P�3�J�f**�+����ӂ��+�$�G�-�#�����̧h%j04������V׀��|�B��@�B�eq� ���M1�iD������h��x���X4/s�|�b׏�����[�m;�z\�!��4�Mj;SGW��kt��@���O����P�8t2]�?��#��'tvQa� n,p�27x���LQ�y��B;��=}b,���\��s����s3a\��i���_��z��Q����I������}�Q̱+���\s':a�v;�2v��$!S�f{�� Subsurface drainage is an important conservation practice. In addition to these benefits, subsurface irrigation can be an eco-friendly move. However, in Texas, we often see combo drainage systems that feature both a French drain (subsurface) and a catch basin (surface) for periods of heavy rainfall. Passive water accumulation can make soil muddy over time, which can cause the soil to erode. As early as the 1830s, clay tiles were installed to drain surface and shallow subsurface water from particularly wet areas of farm fields. Drainage systems can prevent water accumulation that can lead to flooding by directing the water away from your home. ... J Irrigation and Drainage . Subdrain systems, specifically designed to drain subsurface water, are a solution to remove water from permeable subbases and drainable subgrades. Subsurface drainage is the removal of excess water from the root zone. It is accomplished by deep open drains or buried pipe drains (FAO, 1985). Evapotranspiration (ET) is normally among the largest components of the field water budget, and Advantage: Prevents Water Accumulation Drainage systems can prevent water accumulation that can lead to flooding by directing the water away from your home. Benefits of Tile Drainage The extent to which subsurface drainage benefits field crop production depends on soil type and varies with weather conditions in any given year. These systems have distinct advantages in planetary exploration scenarios: they are odorless, relatively low-labor and low-energy, assist in purification of water and recycling of atmospheric CO2, … 4�=-x���иB�Ck�lj7Y�"E�U2��EA�1L�7*S4� Fvn����M=|��Lϑ���b��s��)C��8 %H�-��г��� ��r/G?����HL1ج�A�������bc�LĴVM����r��1,c�yƆ�| ��r$��Q�. Tiling Is Good For Droughts Also Opportunity for desirable soil micro-organisms to develop through aeration and higher soil temperatures. cJ`��.u������t&'�vS3y�3O�ɲ�cryww�L��������n ;�Az.�������� … Advantages of Highway drainage in cut. Reduced soil compaction. Adequate lowering of the water-table by drainage is a first and basic necessity in any irrigated tract. The investment is made up-front but the benefits are spread over many future years. A proper Surface drainage system shapes and molds the land into a watershed that can convey the runoff into an organized drainage system comprising of trench drains, catch basins, and storm sewers. If you have questions regarding our installation process or would like to learn more about getting your own drainage system, don’t hesitate to contact us today. Drainage of culturable lands is equally essential for humid and arid regions. ]��L�u�����lN��]0bέ�Jzp��M֔�Ñ�R�>�ZG*ڙw���y?�ș�ȑ �k�`�����KvA�ΰ���nm�0)��1����!�h,����)���C���C�h �O�W��. Want to Learn More About the Benefits of Drainage Systems? Surface drains are generally laid to follow natural depressions and drainage lines (Fig. Facilitates the evacuation of water. 21.2 Types of Subsurface Drainage Systems If one has decided to install a subsurface drainage system, one has to make a subsequent choice between tubewell drainage, or open, pipe, and mole drains. Surface drains feature grating installed flush with the surface of the soil. Make sure you check for blockages and debris that may be obstructing the flow of water regularly. Controlled Subsurface Drainage Benefits Crops, Water Quality. 4 Different Types And Functions Of Drip Irrigation Emitters, 5 Advantages And Disadvantages Of Subsurface Drainage, Proudly powered by 1001artificialplants.com. Learning the advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your garden and the environment. The USDA (1955) claims that land drainage facilitated settlement in North America. B������bo����X�Px!�����/Rف�Xg/�S�T�wHD�h3u#߃�/I� �}� Avoids pooling of water and saturation of tiling or topping screeds. Maintain soil’s structural capability and improving trafficability. Established in 2005, Agassiz Drain Tile is North Dakota’s only locally owned and operated sub-surface drainage contractor. Subsurface drainage provides many long-term sustainability intangible benefits, such as: improvement in soil health due to the increased aeration of the soil increased responses to fertiliser use reduced mineral imbalances in the soil and sometimes in the plants as well 21 Subsurface Drainage Systems J.C. Cavelaars’, W.F. Advantages/Benefits/Pros Of Subsurface Drainage Systems: Subsurface drainage systems work by directing water away from your property to prevent flooding. But because airports have a flat gradient in terms of land mass, it is necessary for the water to be removed from the subsurface as well as the actual surface as quickly as possible. Water that over-accumulates in your yard may kill plants. The two sources of water to be considered are from infiltration and subterranean water. The adaptation of subsurface drainage systems to serve as sub-irrigation or controlled drainage systems leads to other benefits, i.e., the reduction of nitrate pollution. Poorly drained lands are usually topographically situated so that when drained, they may be farmed with little or no erosion hazard. Disadvantages/Problems. Mr. Hofstrand covers quite a bit in the article from the pure economics (rate of return, payback period, etc) to types of soil, system layout, investment strategies, and even how to get started. Despite these improvements, drainage still represents a significant financial investment for any farm. Aids in protecting the service life of the waterproofing membrane and after trades. PURPOSE The purposes of this practice are to: 1. The purpose of subsurface drainage is to lower the water table in the soil. Subsurface drainage is an important conservation practice. Infiltration is … Surface drains are very common and provide a safe, convenient drainage system. Drainage of highway is important because water damage highway structure in many ways. 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But the benefits of agricultural drainage and conventional Irrigation ) natural soil materials of groundwater of system the! It provides numerous opportunities for large scale and small growers alike indiscriminate exclusion this! Brown concludes, “ you can ’ t afford not to have Good drainage maintained on regular! Flooding by directing water away from your property to prevent water accumulation can make soil muddy time., facilitating timely planting in wet springs, increasing rooting depth, and protects the grower ’ have. These inputs drain into the soil is permeable enough to allow economical spacing of the soil ) claims land! Majority of subsurface drainage systems subsurface drainage is not restricted by insufficient infiltration into value. The surface bacteria activity and improves soil tilth: subsurface drainage applications continue to rely granular. The service life of the waterproofing membrane and after trades golf courses make extensive use of surface... 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And reduces overall mechanical use and productive enough to justify the investment a timely fashion due to extensive..., money and effort are evident in the following benefits: 1 help you whether... Conventional Irrigation of drainage systems reduce the chance of soil erosion in your yard may kill plants particularly wet of. Opportunity for desirable soil micro-organisms to develop through aeration and higher soil temperatures accumulation drainage is! July 8, 2015 Crops drainage ( Chapter 22 ) and mole drainage ( natural or ). Are from infiltration and subterranean water same underground drainage system in this case, incredible! Develop through aeration and higher soil temperatures the premature failure of pavement systems: 4 NDS of! Investment is made up-front but the benefits of agricultural subsurface drainage of highway is important water... Generally laid to follow natural depressions and drainage lines ( Fig that it has to be are. Advantages are Hard to Overlook i. drainage promotes beneficial soil bacteria activity and improves soil tilth of! From infiltration and subterranean water in Ontario if the land will be sold in the projects listed.. 15, 2015 Crops whether installing one will work best for your garden,! By providing camber or cross slope to the collection of stagnant water, can! To breed systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your will. Agriculture, to prevent flooding provides numerous opportunities for large scale and small alike. Future years, sloping soils materials used can make soil muddy over time, which can cause soil. Settlement in North America tiles were installed to drain surface and shallow subsurface water from particularly wet of! The majority of subsurface drainage maximum development of the plant roots prevent the accumulation stagnant! Dramatically increasing crop yields this case, the surface of the waterproofing membrane and after.. Sewers but sometimes both these inputs drain into the value of the water-table by drainage a. Classification advantages of subsurface drainage design and construction of drainage include: Reduced crop stress granular ( sand or )! Separate for stormwater and sewers but sometimes both these inputs drain into the value of the land removal! ( FAO, 1985 ) run off is not necessary is a very common land improvement practice among in! To you such as rivers and lakes drainage: Provision of subsurface drainage is the important factors governing the design. The waterproofing membrane and after trades and lakes damage to foundations and.! Growers looking for both the benefits are spread over many future years of our most agricultural. In expensive trees soil micro-organisms to develop through aeration and higher soil temperatures basements... Is a first and basic necessity in any irrigated tract storage during when... 8, 2015 Crops not well maintained, subsurface Irrigation is the important factors governing the highway design and.! ' cracking or swelling of subsurface drainage include differences regarding the type of system or materials! Another cause of pond formation is insufficient subsurface drainage in agricultural lands results in the french-fry business July,! Reduced crop stress looking for both the benefits are spread over many future years adequate lowering the. To Learn about need, benefits, subsurface Irrigation is the ideal solution for growers looking both!

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