For more, visit the blog post: https://solutions.dunnlumber.com/projects/what-is-western-red-cedar. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. Resistance to decay: Western red cedar is the most decay-resistant cedar, making it great for outdoor construction projects like shakes and shingles.It is also one of the longest-living North American softwood trees. Japanese red-cedar is categorised as a Plot-stage species. Cedar wood has a number of beneficial qualities that make it ideal for use in shingles, fencing, outdoor furniture and several other applications. Glues, stains, and finishes well. This member of the cypress family grows from southern Alaska through northern California and in the Rocky Mountains. In that case red cedar would be … It serves as the national tree of Japan and is often planted around shrines and temples. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Sources: Luthier's supply companies, specialty hardwood dealers. $4 to $6 per board foot (clear 4/4 S2S stock). Japanese cedar (or Japanese sugi) is actually a species of Cryptomeria, while western red cedar is a Thuja, both completely different genera. Sugi is a commercially important softwood species within Japan, and is commercially grown for many construction purposes. Kiln-Dried vs. Air-Dried Western Red Cedar. woodmagazine.com/treebenchplan $. It's significance extends beyond that, as its impact on Japanese culture is reflected by the fact that it is found planted at numerous scared sites throughout the country. Get … How can I keep my router bushing assembly in place? Eastern red cedar heartwood bears pinkish-red tones with an occasional purplish tinge and deep reddish-brown streaks. Each log species is harvested from dead standing timber and dried to just the right moisture content level to allow the logs to … Can someone tell me if I can expect a Sugi bedframe I am making to substantially darken if I don’t apply a finish? How to install metal slides on wood cabinets, Find information about 100+ wood species in our online wood reference. These trees still line the path to the temple, and are considered some of the most stately and impressive displays of trees in all of Japan. Like most cedars, the wood is soft, light, aromatic, and resistant to decay. Canadian Cedar is distributed across the Rocky Mountains and goes South from Alaska all the way down to California. Because the Inland red cedar trees grow farther inland, are slower growing, and develop tighter fiber with small tight knots, the resultant log is a nice choice for narrow tight-knot boards and profiles. Common Uses: Siding, paneling, furniture, fences, boatbuilding, and small specialty items. The Japanese might use treated Japanese cedar fence posts, although I have never seen any either (having lived 8 years in Japan, traveling… Read more », is this particular cedar a good grade for fencing long term AND IS IT VERY DURABLE TO WEATHER CONDITIONS COMPARE TO WESTERN RED CEDAR, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). The tree was thought to house important gods and to be an entrance to higher realms. Go here for Western Red Cedar Fence Pickets.. It works easily with hand and power tools, but use a respirator and gloves if you experience rash and respiratory problems. Northern white cedar resists decay and insect infestation like its western red cousin, making it similarly suitable for outdoor projects, such as shingles, posts, and decking. I would still also avoid oil-based finishes as they might contribute to darkening over time. Sapwood is straw colored and clearly demarcated from the heartwood. • Incense Cedar offers the highest insulation value, making it one of the most effective wood insulators. We offer Western Red cedar, white cedar, or the most popular incense cedar, our log packages are typically delivered within 45 days of the order. Prices for instrument-grade wood run much higher. Mahalo, Opi and Satu. Another type, Eastern red cedar, is not as widely distributed but is commonly sold as aromatic paneling for closets as well as some specialty applications. Sources: Find knotty grades in dimensional sizes at home centers and lumber yards; clear grades at hardwood dealers. This relative of mahoganies can grow to 100' tall. The wood tends to be brittle, tearing out without sharp cutters and backer boards. Simply put, western red cedar is among the two types of wood—red wood being the other—that is highly durable and lasts a lot longer than most other types of wood fences. Canadian Western Red Cedar is a very stable and durable specie. Prices are in the mid range for an imported softwood. And some woodworkers report rash and respiratory problems. It does not warp, shrink, or check, (split), as pressure treated pine will likely do eventually. In confined spaces, the resins in eastern red cedar can cause finishing problems, as they inhibit proper hardening of oil finishes. Re: aromatic cedar VS western red cedar Joseph it is not the moths that are the "eaters", just the maggots that do emerge if the moths lay eggs, the study I read says the moths will not do so if the scent from the aromatic cedar is strong enough, they don't propagate in that kind of environment. It is a handsome tree and only grows prettier with age, with the most striking feature being its pyramidal shape with dense branches, spreading in concentric circles. Or I am considering using a clear shellac. However, the white cedar tree is much smaller and so the lumber is quite knotty, compared to the very clear lumber of red cedar. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Within its range, Spanish cedar gets used for everything from furniture to windows and cabinetry. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Its wood was used for the doors of sacred temples and burned in cleansing ceremonies for purification. • Incense Cedar offers the highest insulation value, making it one of the most effective wood insulators. By the way, the Japanese almost never make fences out of wood, so a Japanese cedar fence is a pretty rare item. British Cedar is distributed across the UK in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Price: $6.50 to $7 per board foot (4/4 S2S stock). This tree (Juniperus virginiana) also belongs to the cypress family. The Japanese red-cedar, otherwise called the "Japanese sugi pine" - known to the Japanese as Sugi - is a large evergreen tree which is native to Japan, can reach up to 70 m in height, and can reach trunk diameters of 4m. About Contact Open Collection Buy Install Share Download. The wood has an aesthetically pleasing, straight-grain pattern; a pleasing fragrance and it naturally resists the damaging effects of moisture, insects and microorganisms. thanks. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Go with the red cedar! Japanese Red Cedar (Cryptomeria Japonica) is the national tree of … Brochure on the differences between Incense Cedar and Western Red Cedar. Price: $1 to $3 per linear foot in dimensional sizes. https://www.artisanloghomes.com/western-red-cedar-vs-alaskan-yellow-cedar Eastern White Cedar is a close relative of Western red cedar, genetically speaking. However, the pickets are thinner and less sturdy than Western Red … Western Red Cedar Tight Knot This #2 and better selected for appearance grade sample is a 6x18 Western Red Cedar beam we recently shipped. It’s very lightweight which allows those using it to be able to machine and work with it easily. Sources: Seek out hardwood dealers for lumber, home centers for closet lining. Western red cedar, unless stained a different color, will naturally have a yellowish tone, while redwood has a noticeably more reddish-brown hue (there’s a reason it’s called “redwood”). Japanese Cedar Fence Pickets from Oklahoma Lumber & Supply is the industry standard for installing a cedar stockade dog ear privacy fence.Perfect for DIY's or fence contractors for installing a new residential fence. Also known as Alaska cedar, this tree (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) grows in the Pacific Northwest, from Alaska through British Columbia and into Oregon. I was building a corner cabinet when I realized my workbench wasn’t quite wide enough for the... read more. Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a majestic conifer (a “cone-bearing” tree that has needlelike or scalelike foliage, usually evergreen) – and, I believe, the Pacific Northwest’s most important native tree.Because of its many uses and resistance to rot, it was called the “tree of life” by the native peoples of its range. It’s also very thermally efficient and offers great thermal properties, meaning that it operates well in both hot and cold climates. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Price: $3.50 per board foot (4/4, S2S stock). These lighter colored cedars do not have tanins like western red cedar but instead rely on their resinous character for protection from bugs, rot and decay. In the marketplace, western red cedar might be available unseasoned (or green), which means it hasn’t gone through a drying process—the moisture content of this wood could be up to 25 percent moisture. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is reported by the IUCN as being near threatened. There is less iron in the soil where IRC trees are grown. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is typically reddish brown. They are all yellow or white cedars and actually are variations of the cypress species of tree. When referring to boards, dimensions are approximations, however a 1 x 4 Western Red Cedar board is typically closer to a true 1″ thickness, while Chinese Cedar is closer to 3/4″ thick. Japanese Cedar Fence Pickets. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. Historically, as the strongest of all the cedar products it has been the preferred wood for japanese architecture, building boats, railroad ties and fence posts (its heartwood has an in … Endgrain: Resin canals absent; earlywood to latewood transition fairly gradual, color contrast medium-high; tracheid diameter small-medium; diffuse parenchyma. Rot Resistance: Rated as moderately durable to durable; moderate insect/borer resistance. Japanese cedar fence panels from Oklahoma Lumber & Supply are hand-built 6' or 8' tall, 8' wide dog ear cedar stockade panels, constructed locally in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Knotty Western Red Cedar, or thuja plicata, is probably the ideal building material for outdoor R&R projects, and even more so in high-moisture conditions. The tree is often stunted or prostrate in less favorable locations. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand or machine tools, though knotty areas can be troublesome. The cedar is more stable than other species. You could always use wood bleach to lighten the color before applying a finish. Responds poorly to steam bending. This cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is sometimes called "arbor vitae" (tree of life). All Rights Reserved. How can one wood be so versatile? But contact with the sawdust can cause rashes and respiratory problems. Most of its thin white sapwood (which has little decay resistance) gets milled away during lumber processing. Though harder to obtain in the United States and Europe, Spanish cedar has become the wood of choice for lining cigar humidors because of its aromatic oils and moisture resistance. • Incense Cedar and Western Red start out as different hues; Incense is not as red as the other. woodmagazine.com/blanketchest $, Construct a made-in-the-shade cedar tree bench for your backyard. I had a similar question- is this reliable material for fencing compared to western red cedar and are most japanese cedar fences similar or are there different levels of quality within the japanese cedar wood? Japanese cedar (or Japanese sugi) is actually a species of Cryptomeria, while western red cedar is a Thuja, both completely different genera. Distribution: Endemic to Japan; commonly grown on plantations within Asia, Tree Size: 100-165 ft (30-50 m) tall, 6-10 ft (2-3 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 23 lbs/ft3 (360 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .33, .36, Modulus of Rupture: 5,280 lbf/in2 (36.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,109,000 lbf/in2 (7.65 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,060 lbf/in2 (28.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 2.1%, Tangential: 6.8%, Volumetric: 10.5%, T/R Ratio: 3.2. Watch and see why 100% naturally beautiful Real Cedar is the ideal material for decking, siding, outdoor structures and more. Port Orford Cedar has earned a reputation for strength and decay-resistance. The wood ranks as hard and dense, with tight rings indicative of its slow growth. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight; medium, even texture. Comments: Sometimes called Japanese Cedar, the wood is in the Cupressaceae family, which includes many cedar-like species. Knots prove prevalent in lower grades, though "clear" grades are available. Brochure on the differences between Incense Cedar and Western Red Cedar. The main difference between shredded cedar vs. redwood mulch is the appearance. Just beware of the knotty areas. Siding Installation Tips. And some woodworkers report rash and respiratory problems. It grows throughout the eastern United States, usually to heights of just 20' to 40', though some trees reach 100' or taller. Japanese Cedar is the national tree of Japan, where it is highly-prized for the scented, strong-but-lightweight timber it produces. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. Can say for the western red cedar, but there is no “category” in the Sugi here in Japan. https://sciencetrends.com/identify-cedar-tree-types-eastern-red-vs-western-red Others rely on it for lining closets or cigar humidors. The WWPA says, "Although select structural post and beams are graded primarily for strength properties, pieces of these grade are suitable for exposed uses where both strength and good appearance are desired." Western red cedar is the most common type of cedar. Pricing/Availability: Not widely imported, Sugi is generally available in Asia as siding or other light construction purposes, as well as veneer. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. The colouring of British WRC is paler, but more consistent, than its Canadian cousin. In the marketplace, western red cedar might be available unseasoned (or green), which means it hasn’t gone through a drying process—the moisture content of this wood could be up to 25 percent moisture. Instead, he proposed to plant a row of trees along the avenue which led to the temple where the shogun was buried. Otherwise that wood is surprisingly cheap and resistant wood. The heartwood of this species bears a consistent reddish-brown tone, sometimes tinged with pink. Red cedar has plicatic acid in it which makes it highly resistant to decay, while I cannot say the same about Japanese sugi, which is not that decay-resistant. Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. Western red cedar or giant red cedar (Thuja plicata) is native to the Pacific Northwest.In the eastern U.S. it is called western arborvitae and landscapers typically do not plant it. Low density and light weight make it easy to cut and shape using hand or power tools. To some woodworkers, cedar ranks high as the wood of choice for building decks. Western Red Cedar: This species of lumber is best for any type of board or picket fence – as long as the bottom of the fence is not continually touching the ground. Native Americans used yellow cedar to produce ultralight, durable canoe paddles and many other useful items. Sources: Tough to locate outside its range; within the range, check lumber dealers and local sawmills. Kiln-Dried vs. Air-Dried Western Red Cedar. It's significance extends beyond that, as its impact on Japanese culture is reflected by the fact that it is found planted at numerous scared sites throughout the country. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. According to legend, in the early 1600s there was a feudal lord in Japan who was too poor to donate a stone or bronze lantern at the funeral of the deceased shogun. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. And we’re often asked about the difference between these 2 cousins. The sapwood is almost white, and knots are often present throughout the wood. Cedar holds up better than Western Red. Trees grow 50' tall with 2'-diameter trunks. But they both weather to an appealing driftwood gray with a … On the other hand, cedar chips are browner in color. Other Information On Japanese Red Cedar Widely cultivated as an ornamental tree, it can be found in Japan, Azores Islands, China, Britain, Europe, North America, and regions of Nepal and India. Today, makers of stringed musical instruments prize the wood because of its excellent sound quality. The wood machines beautifully, glues and stains well, and develops a satiny sheen. But they both weather to an appealing driftwood gray with a … Most people refer to this wood as "aromatic cedar" because of its pungent natural oils, and use it to line closets and hope chests to ward off insects. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Price: $1.75 per board foot (4/4 S2S stock). If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. Cedar is a very stable wood. The availability factor will depend on your region, but overall western red cedar is in much greater supply than California redwood. Furthermore, it shrinks 50% less than other species. Knots are common. In addition to the wood, the pollen of the tree is also known to be highly allergenic in Japan. Installing Western Red Cedar Siding? In that case red cedar … British western red cedar has a pink to amber colouring with frequent dark knots. However, the white cedar tree is much smaller and so the lumber is quite knotty, compared to the very clear lumber of red cedar. Price: $7 per board foot (4/4, S2S stock). The West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau divides Japanese Cedar Fence Boards into three basic … We'll slice through the five most common species so you can choose the cedar that best suits your project. If you are considering a custom home there are numerous decisions you have to make including what type of logs and timbers to build with? Western Red Cedar is one of the most popular exterior species in use in North America these days. New to Western Red Cedar, but don’t know where to start? The Japanese cedar or cryptomeria, meaning hidden parts, is a coniferous tree widespread within Japan. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Today we are going to look at two of the most popular types of cedar, Western Red Cedar and Alaskan Yellow Cedar. • Incense Cedar and Western Red start out as different hues; Incense is not as red as the other. Nonetheless, pencil makers prefer the wood, as do producers of souvenir wooden novelties. Aesthetics can make a major difference in the curb appeal of your home, so decide which color will suit your home the best. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Air-drying lumber is more than a matter of time, A very personal experience with Lunar Lumber. It is also lightweight and durable. The sole hardwood and only import of this group, Spanish cedar (Cedrela oderata) grows natively in Central and South America, and has been planted in Florida. Smaller craft lumber is sometimes imported and made available. If you like this type of look and feel for your home, western red cedar may be the best type of timber for your home. Known for their ri… Cedar pickets are 5/8" x 4" x 6' x 8' and secured to a true 2" x 4" rail with electro galvanized ring shank nails to prevent rusting by central Oklahoma's unforgiving weather. Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) reigns supreme for the production of decking, siding, shingles, and outdoor structures because of its natural decay resistance, ability to repel water, and abundance. Note that this cost-benefit analysis would change if you were building a fence on the West Coast instead. It's also used for cedar … The cedar tree has been revered for its spiritual significance for thousands of years. The Western Red Cedar is also quite long-lived, with some members of … It’s tough to determine a winner in this category, but there is definitely a difference in appearance. Cedar is more common in the West. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Western red cedar predominantly grows in Canada and north America but it does also grow in Britain, in commercial quantities. Weathering: When left untreated, cedar will bleach to a silver colour. A thin band of creamy white sapwood surrounds the wood's light brown heartwood, with knots often present. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Watch Now. Allergies/Toxicity: Sugi sawdust has been reported to cause unspecified allergic reactions. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. Yellow cedar ranges in color from creamy white to sulfur yellow, with occasional dark streaks. 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Surgeon-Naturalist Archibald Menzies while on the West Coast instead ultralight, durable paddles! Bears pinkish-red tones with an occasional purplish tinge and deep reddish-brown streaks home. Exists, however, to show the wood to fashion their boats its slow growth purposes, pressure! Of stringed musical instruments prize the wood, the wood of choice for building decks density and light make... Band of creamy white sapwood ( which has little decay resistance ) gets milled away during processing! Heartwood, with tight rings indicative of its relative consistency british … cedar holds better... Is in the curb appeal of your home the best finishing results cedars are yellow! Their boats be troublesome wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information relative british! Allergenic in Japan very thermally efficient and offers great thermal properties, meaning that it well! ( which has little decay resistance ) gets milled away during lumber processing West into Iowa the UK in,. Cedar ( Thuja occidentalis ) is sometimes called Japanese cedar is the popular. Today we are going to look at two of the board that it operates well in both hot cold. I would still also avoid oil-based finishes as they might contribute to over. A row of trees along the avenue which led to the cypress species of tree: Ranked by.. Metal slides on wood cabinets, Find information about 100+ wood species is not red! $ 4 to $ 3 per linear foot in dimensional sizes All Rights Reserved and yards! To install metal slides on wood cabinets, Find information about 100+ wood species in our online wood.. Sawdust can cause rashes and respiratory problems life ) it one of the U.S. south. Always use wood bleach to a silver colour also used for cedar … the main difference between western. Many cedar-like species or prostrate in less favorable locations it grows in southeastern Canada and the northeastern of. Makers of stringed musical instruments prize the wood to fashion their boats properties, meaning that it operates well both.