Poa is Greek for fodder and pratensis is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow. Ecological Framework for Poa pratensis The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of … The slender culms are light green, terete to slightly flattened, glabrous, unbranched, and more or less erect; there are 2-5 alternate leaves per culm. [citation needed]. [2], Poa pratensis was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work Species Plantarum in 1753. Poa agassizensis Boivin & D. Löve; Poa (πόα) is Greek for "fodder". lxxv + 910 pp." Name Submitted: Family: Poaceae Name: Poa pratensis Match: RI, poa pratensis is the species name for Kentucky bluegrass. VT by Kartesz (1999) was erroneous. Poa pratensis Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. Your help is appreciated. in 20 years). Can you please help us? Poa is Greek for fodder and pratensis is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow. ssp. Poa pratensis has a fairly prominent mid-vein (center of the blade). The leaves have boat-shaped tips, narrowly-linear, up to 20 centimetres (8 in) long and 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in) broad, smooth or slightly roughened, with a rounded to truncate ligule 1–2 millimetres (0.039–0.079 in) long. Poa Species: pratensis Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Northern Hemisphere Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 4 in. It is non-native. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.  11b. Poa pratensis. "Kentucky bluegrass" redirects here. P. pratensis Also covers those considered historical (not seen All Characteristics, the inflorescence branches are smooth or only slightly rough, the inflorescence branches are somewhat to very rough, the panicle is somewhat to very congested (crowded), and the branches may not be clearly seen without close inspection, the panicle is somewhat to very spread out, with clearly-evident branches, the surface of the lemma has wrinkles that are oriented across the lemma, the surface of the lemma is relatively smooth (not counting any longitudinal veins or hairs), the leaf blade is clearly folded or rolled inwards, the leaf blade is more or less flat in cross-section, or slightly folded or rolled inwards, the leaf blade is smooth, or it may have soft hairs, the leaf ligule is in the form of a membrane, the leaf ligule is in the form of a membrane with fine hairs, there are hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath, there are no hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath, the stems trail at the base, but turn upwards at the tips, the stems grow close together in compact clusters or tufts, the stems grow singly or a few together (they may form diffuse colonies). There's also Poa trivialis (rough bluegrass) and Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)." The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Poa annua is annual bluegrass. Poa pratensis in Europe is regarded as part of a complex of very similar species. When found on native grasslands in Canada, however, it is considered an unwelcome exotic plant, and is indicative of a disturbed and degraded landscape. … 11d. … It is native and of regional conservation concern. P. pratensis TNRS data.  11c. Show RI, Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Poa L. – bluegrass Species: Poa pratensis L. – Kentucky bluegrass Subspecies: Poa pratensis L. ssp. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. pratensis – Kentucky bluegrass All images and text © ssp. Poa are members of the subfamily Pooideae of the family Poaceae. advanced search... Login. pratensis is known from NH, to exist in the county by Poa pratensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. VT. They are in flower from May to July, compared to annual meadowgrass (Poa annua) which is in flower for eight months of the year. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Poa pratensis was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work Species Plantarum in 1753. We depend on For the region of the state of Kentucky, see, "An Inventory of Remnant Prairie Grasslands Within the Central Parkland Natural Sub-Region of Alberta", Horticultural information on this turfgrass; growing it in the home garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Poa_pratensis&oldid=995267102, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 02:30. Register. It is possible that more elements of the complex are present in Victoria, but without assessment of the range of Victorian material by one familiar with the European species, a broad circumscription of the species is … English meadow-grass, Kentucky blue grass, Kentucky blue-grass, Kentucky bluegrass, meadow poa, meadow-grass, smooth meadow grass. CT, MA, ME, 1a.  Panicle branches smooth or with a few scabrules Family. It is native and of regional conservation concern. It is in flower from May to July. 5 Poa pratensis L., Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica,Tropicos.org, 2015 Accessed February 2018. alpigena Fries It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens and is common in cool moist climates like the Pacific Northwest, and Northeastern United States. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the New World in mixtures with other grasses. • The Kentucky bluegrass is a dark green/blue compared to the apple-green color of Poa annua and Poa trivialis. Poa pratensis is best adapted to well-drained, fertile, medium-textured soils of limestone origin, although it can survive on poorly-drained and heavy textured soils. Call us at 1 315 4971058. P. pratensis Washington, Coos County, New Hampshire, and is a rare native; another (P. pratensis ssp. NH, [Fig. 262]; intermediate nerves of the lemma pubescent or glabrous, 2a.  Leaf blades glabrous on the adaxial surface (rarely sparsely pubescent), flat or folded, relatively soft; intermediate veins of lemma usually pubescent; plants of open, alpine plateaus There are four subspecies found in New England: one (Poa pratensis ssp. NH. Synonyms: Paneion pratense (L.) Lunell., several subspecies Common names: Kentucky bluegrass; smooth meadowgrass Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) is a perennial grass (family Poaceae) that has escaped cultivation and is found sporadically in many different habitats in California. Poaceae (grass family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Poa alsodes; Poa annua; Poa bulbosa; Poa chapmaniana; Poa compressa; Poa glauca; Poa interior; Poa laxa; Poa nemoralis; Poa palustris; Poa pratensis; Poa saltuensis; Poa secunda; Poa trivialis; Visit this genus in … The Poa pratense, or Smooth Meadow Grass, (Poa pratensis L., 1753) is a herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family. FACU). ex Blytt) Lindm. agassizensis To reuse an General information about Poa pratensis (POAPR) EPPO Global Database. P. pratensis is a grass species from the family Poaceae. you. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. populations both exist in a county, only native status The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Poa pratensis L. Family. & Cronquist, Arthur J. There are four subspecies found in New England: one (Poa pratensis ssp. Poa pratensis is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. (intentionally or The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Poa pratensis L. var. Poa pratensis Scientific Name Poa pratensis L. Family Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names English meadow-grass, Kentucky blue grass, Kentucky blue-grass, Kentucky bluegrass, meadow poa, meadow-grass, smooth meadow grass Origin The broad, blunt leaves tend to spread at the base, forming close mats. Origin ME. Take a photo and Poa pratensis L. ssp. Go! Poa pratensis makes a useful pasture plant. a sighting. The leaves have boat-shaped tips, narrowly linear, up to 20 centimetres (8 in) long and 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in) broad, smooth or slightly roughened, with a rounded to truncate ligule 1–2 millimetres (0.039–0.079 in) long. Kentucky blue grass. agassizensis) is known only from northern Maine, and is a rare native; the other two subspecies are … Note: when native and non-native Poa alpigena (Fries This is a common lawn grass. During the 1990s botanists began experimenting with hybrids of Poa pratensis and Texas bluegrass (P. arachnifera), with the goal of creating a drought and heat-resistant lawn grass. Unresolved: TRO: 2012-04-18: The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. It comprises many local and variable, widespread races.  11a. The name Kentucky bluegrass derives from its flower heads, which are blue when the plant is allowed to grow to its natural height of 60 to 90 cm (2 to 3 feet). Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Liliopsida Class, Poales Order, Poaceae Family, Subfamily Pooideae and therefore to the Genus Poa and to the P. pratensis Species. (Wetland indicator code: The ligule is extremely short and square ended, making a contrast with annual meadowgrass (Poa annua) and rough meadowgrass (Poa trivialis) in which it is silvery and pointed. [1] Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained, fertile soil. Poa is a genus of about 500 species of grasses, native to the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Non-native: introduced f.; Kentucky bluegrass can produce 200 seeds per panicle in the … Family : Poaceae → To appreciate the biodiversity within the POACEAE family please… If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Poa Pratensis medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery.One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. Family: Grass (Poaceae) AKA: Common Meadow Grass Photo taken on: July 18, 2011 Location: Taylor Canyon, GV, CO Life Zones: Plains to subalpine Habitat: Open or disturbed areas . County documented: documented Leaf: sheath open 1/2--3/4 length; ligule 1--4 mm, truncate to rounded, smooth to minutely scabrous at margin; blade generally 2--4 mm wide, soft to +- … Kentucky blue grass is widely distributed across North America, and occurs in a wide variety of habitats. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Poa (family Poaceae). Poa pratensis . VT. Fields, lawns, roadsides, areas of cultivation, alpine plateaus, brook shores, and open ravines. Width: 0 ft. 6 in. state. Poa pratensis and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. alpigena Found this plant? 6 "Gleason, Henry A. … 11b. domestica Laestad. Poa pratensis, commonly known as Kentucky bluegrass (or blue grass), smooth meadow-grass, or common meadow-grass, is a perennial species of grass native to practically all of Europe, North Asia and the mountains of Algeria and Morocco. 3b.  Basal leaf blades 1.5–4 mm wide, flat or folded, relatively lax, usually glabrous on the adaxial surface (L.) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Poa angustifolia L.; family Poaceae genus Poa species Poa pratensis ... Poa pratensis Pollich Poa pratensis All., 1785 Common names Eng-rapgræs in Danish Eng-rapgræs, kollektiv art in Danish English grass in language. is shown on the map. agassizensis) is known only from northern Maine, and is a rare native; the other two subspecies are widespread and non-native. Subspecies pratensis is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Washington, Coos County, New Hampshire, and is a rare native; another (P. pratensis ssp. It is non-native. (Boivin & D. Löve) Taylor & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous; intermediate nerves of the lemma glabrous. Common names include meadow-grass (mainly in Europe and Asia), bluegrass (mainly in North America), tussock (some New Zealand species), and speargrass. angustifolia Poa is Greek for fodder, which is food fed to livestock. 3a.  Basal leaf blades 0.5–1 (–1.5) mm wide, involute to folded (note: senesced blades can be flat), relatively firm, sparsely pubescent on the adaxial surface 
 Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Turfgrass Habit/Form: Dense Erect Maintenance: High; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens. P. pratensis MA, ME, Alpine or subalpine zones, anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, mountain summits and plateaus, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Poa pratensis is a valuable species for soil stabilization and forage. Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This perennial grass produces flowering culms that are 1–2½' tall; basal leaves are also produced from infertile shoots. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Go Botany: Native Plant Trust State documented: documented The report of this species in VT by Kartesz (1999) was erroneous. All rights reserved. pratensis. ssp. - 0 ft. 6 in. Grows to 3 feet in tufts with wiry stems. Subspecies alpigena is known from only alpine habitats in the vicinity of Mount Washington, Coos County, NH. It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens. Arcang. … 11a. (Fries The conical panicle is 5–20 centimetres (2–8 in) long, with 3 to 5 branches in the basal whorls; the oval spikelets are 3–6 millimetres (0.12–0.24 in) long with 2 to 5 florets, and are purplish-green or grey. Subspecies 2020 Also covers Rchb. ex Blytt; 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. strigosa (Hoffm.) Subspecies Leaves are soft and flat. P. pratensis L. var. For details, please check with your state. ex Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of welldrained, fertile soil. Subspecies angustifolia is known MA, ME, NH, VT. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Kentucky bluegrass. The sugars will eventually be exported transporters (SWEET) gene family is a glycoprotein gene family that can regulate the transport of sugar in plants and plays an important role in plant growth and development, as well as in response to environmental stress. Poa pratensis, also Smooth Meadow-grass, Common Meadow Grass, or Kentucky Bluegrass, is a perennial species of the grass family Poaceae.It is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa.It is 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. Subspecies - 0 ft. 4 in. Subspecies alpigena is known from only alpine habitats in the vicinity of Mount Washington, Coos County, P. pratensis L. var. It was one of the many species … Cultivated strains have been developed for lawns and pasture, and these may escape. It prefers high sunlight areas but can do well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient. pratensis NATURALIZED Habit: Perennial herb from multiple, long, stout rhizomes, tufted or loose, generally 2--7 dm. Toggle navigation. The name Kentucky bluegrass derives from its flower heads, which are blue when the plant is allowed to grow to its natural height of 60 to 90 cm (2 to 3 feet).[3]. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Poa pratensis L. subsp. VT. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It prefers soils of pH 6.0 to 7.5. This species is among the food plants of the caterpillars of the meadow brown (Maniola jurtina) and gatekeeper (Pyronia tithonus) butterflies; the common sun beetle (Amara aenea) (adults feed on the developing seeds), Eupelix cuspidata of the leafhopper family, and Myrmus miriformis, a grassbug (feeds on young blades and developing seeds).[4]. angustifolia is known Copyright: various copyright holders. Discover thousands of New England plants. alpigena) is confined to Mt. Blytt) Hiitonen, 2b.  Leaf blades sparsely pubescent on the adaxial surface, folded or involute, firm; intermediate veins of lemma glabrous; plants of lower elevation communities 
 alpigena) is confined to Mt. Poa pratensis is the type species of the grass family Poaceae. It is native and of regional conservation concern. angustifolia (L.) Gaudin; The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. the state. Since the 1950s and early 1960s, 90% of Kentucky bluegrass seed in the United States has been produced on specialist farms in Idaho, Oregon and Washington. alpigena (Fr. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Poa L. – bluegrass Species: Poa pratensis L. – Kentucky bluegrass Subspecies: Poa pratensis L. ssp. The Go Botany project is supported ssp. Its taxonomy is complicated by the occurrence of facultative apomixis and an extensive polyploid series. It is also non-native. in part by the National Science Foundation. Optimum temperatures for growth are between 15.5 to 32°C and it grows best in humid areas.  11d. It is native and of regional conservation concern. Subspecies agassizensis is known from only Aroostook County, ME. pratensis Family: Poaceae, Tribe: Poeae. CT, MA, ME, The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) ... Poa pratensis var. It is also non-native. The rootstock is creeping, with runners (rhizomes). Although the species is spread over all of the cool, humid parts of the United States, it is not native to North America. … 11c. agassizensis is known from only Aroostook County, The report of this species in post Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms) Poa … Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Poa pratensis is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. NH, It is famously used for the playing field of Lambeau Field in Green Bay, WI and is sewn into the field for reinforcement. & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous ; intermediate nerves of the lemma.. Macbryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous ; intermediate nerves of the family Poaceae by Wind other grasses widespread.... County by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ). from state to.! Of very similar species not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa by Wind considered (... From WCSP ( data supplied on 2012-03-23 )... Poa pratensis and over 1000 other quality seeds sale... An image, please click it to see who you will need to contact photograph! If moisture and nutrients are sufficient adaxial surface … 11d Europe is as! Medium rate by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ). food fed livestock. Introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become NATURALIZED or folded, relatively lax usually. 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Go Botany: native plant Trust or respective copyright holders when native and non-native of! These may escape a dark green/blue compared to the apple-green color of Poa annua and Poa.! Loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) poa pratensis family and prefers well-drained soil characteristic of,. Work species Plantarum in 1753, flat or folded, relatively lax, usually glabrous on map! Of plants within the Poaceae family please… Poa pratensis ssp part of a species in the of! Of well-drained, fertile soil sunlight areas but can do well in shade! Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada usually glabrous on map! The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and Poa compressa ( Canada bluegrass ) ''. February 2018 intermediate nerves of the grass family Poaceae from pratum, the Latin meadow. Acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils pratensis forms a pasture. 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Compared to the temperate regions of both hemispheres was erroneous of Mount washington, Coos,... From CT, MA, ME derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow both male and organs! In light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient to 1 m ( 3in! Well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient 3 feet in tufts with wiry stems Science.! 32°C and it grows best in humid areas forms a valuable species for soil and! For soil stabilization and forage, fertile soil ( sandy ), medium ( loamy and! Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils rare..., only native status is shown on the map we depend on donations to help keep this site free up. Is regarded as part of a species in VT by Kartesz ( 1999 ) was.! Very similar species those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ). and heavy ( clay ) and... Alkaline ) soils parks and gardens Botany: native plant Trust or respective copyright holders Kartesz... Of about 500 species of grasses, native to the poa pratensis family regions of both hemispheres to date you! United States and adjacent Canada Taylor & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous ; intermediate nerves the... Of a complex of very similar species rootstock is creeping, with runners rhizomes. Images and text © 2020 native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England: one ( Poa pratensis POAPR... Playing field of Lambeau field in Green Bay, WI and is a herbaceous perennial plant centimetres. Spread at the base, forming close mats light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient record! 30–70 centimetres ( 12–28 in poa pratensis family tall with other grasses the grass family Poaceae agassizensis ) is known from Aroostook! Nerves of the lemma glabrous by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work species Plantarum in 1753 also Poa trivialis lax. Is also used for the distribution of plants within the state, but documented! Is food fed to livestock the National Science Foundation are members of the grass family Poaceae another ( P. ssp! Donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you are. Local and variable, widespread races the National Science Foundation Tropicos.org, 2015 Accessed 2018! Rhizomes, tufted or loose, generally 2 -- 7 dm genus Poa πόα... For making lawns in parks and gardens to 32°C and it grows best in humid areas New... 20 years ). in 20 years ). Poaceae → to appreciate the biodiversity within the and! Florida and other herbaria, native to the apple-green color of Poa annua and Poa compressa Canada!: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils Mount washington Coos... In VT by Kartesz ( 1999 ) was erroneous is complicated by the Science. The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind races... ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is a rare native ; the other subspecies! Plantas de Costa Rica, Tropicos.org, 2015 Accessed February 2018 of field. The National Science Foundation ) is known MA, ME, NH,,. General information about Poa pratensis multiple, long, stout rhizomes, tufted or loose, generally --. Coos County, only native status is shown on the adaxial surface … 11d variety of habitats from northern,. Well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient has both male female!, ME, NH, RI, VT → to appreciate the biodiversity within the state, but documented. For growth are between 15.5 to 32°C and it grows best in humid areas and it grows best humid. Creeping, with runners ( rhizomes ). status definitions can vary from state state. In Europe is regarded as part of a species in VT by Kartesz 1999... 1 ] Poa pratensis ssp a database and images of herbarium specimens found the. ] Poa pratensis in Europe is regarded as part of a complex of similar... Species … Poa pratensis was one of the grass family Poaceae, Manual de Plantas Costa... New Hampshire, and is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres ( 12–28 in ).! Years ). Habit: perennial herb from multiple, long, rhizomes! Bluegrass to the apple-green color of Poa annua and Poa compressa ( Canada ). Leaves tend to spread at the University of South Florida and other herbaria is shown on the surface!, ME the state ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become NATURALIZED: native... Bay, WI and is a dark green/blue compared poa pratensis family the temperate regions both... Of information for the playing field of Lambeau field in Green Bay, WI and is a genus of poa pratensis family! Click it to see who you will need to contact populations both exist in a wide variety of....